During the past 15 years, nearly all municipalities in Eastern Germany conducted urban restructuring mainly in industrial prefabricated housing estates, in terms of adapting the housing stock and the infrastructure to a decreasing population. This resulted in quarters at the fringe of these cities, where flats and infrastructure facilities and amenities have been demolished and reduced. In view of immigration of refugees, new perspectives for the development of these areas are revealing. Particularly in the former areas of urban restructuring, relevant in-migration can be observed. Thus, both the general population, but also the ratio of migrants is growing in short time. Following, new demands for the supply of residential housing, the provision of infrastructure and green spaces as well new requirements for the integration and participation of the new inhabitants occur. Parallel, also ecological needs, as climate mitigation and adaptation, resource efficiency, biodiversity or environmental justice should be increasingly addressed in urban development. Thus, affected municipalities face the challenge to develop feasible and sustainable urban development strategies and measures for these neighbourhoods.
The project investigated potentials and problems connected to the immigration of refugees into former urban restructuring areas. The research aimed at the potentials and obstacles for sustainable urban development, resulting from these processes.
Within the project part, conducted by IOER, the urban and green space planning framework and the status of housing stock, open and green spaces and the infrastructure facilities and amenities have been analyzed in selected neighbourhoods in the cities of Schwerin, Halle/Saale and Cottbus.
Based on this analysis and the results of surveys and participatory processes being conducted in the other project parts, the potentials for adaptation have been evaluated. Recommendations for sustainable urban development have been formulated both specifically for the case cities and generally for cities facing similar challenges.
Which physical perspectives do former urban restructuring quarters have in the context of changing demands?
Which measures are necessary to adapt the housing stock, the infrastructure facilities and the green spaces to the changing demands and to contribute to sustainable urban development?
The situation of housing stock, infrastructure facilities and green spaces was analysed based on geographical and statistical data, plans, documents, and site-visits. The urban and green space development framework was evaluated by document analysis and expert interviews. Additionally, findings of the socio-scientific surveys and experiences from the participatory elements have been reflected in the recommendations.