A range of planning and governance instruments has been developed to manage landscape changes. Examples from Germany include local landscape plans as well as spatial plans at regional level. However, these do not always yield the intended results in terms of landscape qualities. While statistical analyses (Wende & Walz 2017) have ascertained that, for example, local landscape plans – in particular high-quality plans – have a positive influence on green infrastructures, the actual contents of the planning documents can only partially explain the variation in plan impacts. Therefore, it is necessary to pay more attention to the political structures and processes through which plans such as local landscape plans and spatial plans at regional level are prepared and applied.
The innovative aspect of the project is to approach landscapes and especially the management of landscape changes from a political angle. This perspective shall be applied to undertake in-depth analyses of key governance and planning instruments such as local landscape plans and spatial plans at regional level as well as processes of environmental policy integration.
More specifically, the research is guided by the following questions: (1) How do political, process-related aspects of local landscape planning influence the development of landscapes? (2) How can the notion of landscape policy integration be conceptualised? Which factors determine the integration of environmental and landscape-related objectives into climate and energy policies? (3) How can spatial planning at regional level contribute to a better integration of these policies? In which ways do planners and political decision-makers interact in the course of planning processes?
The project has led to a large number of publications and conference papers. These are some of the results.
Regarding the first objective – landscape planning:
Regarding the second objective – policy integration:
Regarding the third objective – spatial planning at regional level:
Hersperger, A. M., Bürgi, M., Wende, W., Bacău, S. & Grădinaru, S. R. (2020), Does landscape play a role in strategic spatial planning of European urban regions? Landscape and Urban Planning, 194, 103702 dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.landurbplan.2019.103702.
Leibenath, M. (2018), Landschaftsplanung – ein "Theater"? Überlegungen zu Planung und Performance. Natur und Landschaft, 93, 7, 332-338 dx.doi.org/10.17433/7.2018.50153599.332-338.
Lintz, G. & Leibenath, M. (2020), The politics of energy landscapes: the influence of local anti-wind initiatives on state policies in Saxony, Germany. Energy, Sustainability and Society, 10, 1, 5 dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13705-019-0230-3
Wieduwilt, P. & Wirth, P. (2018), Cultural heritage and wind turbines – a method to reduce conflicts in landscape planning and management: Studies in the German Ore Mountains. European Countryside, 10, 4, 652 dx.doi.org/10.2478/euco-2018-0036.