Resource Efficiency of Settlement Structures

Demolition of prefabricated buildings

Worldwide demand for primary raw materials is growing. Policy demands at the federal level are oriented toward reducing the demands for additional land consumption for housing and commercial construction, and for transport, and involve a doubling of raw material and energy productivity. At the same time, resource use for settlement related purposes is continuing to grow in Germany. The Resource Efficiency of Settlement Structures Research Area (FBE) examines the issue of how cities, buildings and infrastructures can be further developed so that land area, raw materials and energy can be used more efficiently.

In this research area we look at

  • the effects of possible incongruence between the dynamics of demand and the changes in the stock upon the resource efficiency of buildings and infrastructures
  • the structural typologies of residential and commercial construction and the technological infrastructure with regard to material and energetic efficiency and their integration into a settlement-structural resource model
  • scenario-guided strategic development for urban construction, the housing sector, and the construction and waste industries
  • efficiency indicators and models such as the "compact city" or "dematerialization" are critically examined; and
  • climate-protection and resource-saving potentials.

Research concept ... more

Research topics

  • Use requirements placed upon the built-up environment due to demographic change and new demand orientations ... more
  • Material flows from housing construction, non-housing construction and road construction in settlement-structural contexts ... more
  • Evaluation of the greater resource efficiency in settlement structures ... more
  • Integrative and sectoral approaches to resource efficiency and settlement-structural resource models ... more



1st Homes-uP International Conference on
"Single-Family Homes under Pressure?"
in Mannheim on October 13-14, 2016


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