Research Area:
Resource Efficiency of Settlement Structures

Commercial structures II: Commercial structures on mixed-use sites – Creating typologies and determining ecological parameters

The aim of the project was to continue the IOER’s ongoing studies on commercial structures of industrial and commercial sites as well as to extend them to mixed-use sites.

Investigations on mixed-use sites have shown that it is hardly possible to obtain plausible generalisable results, as areas of mixed-use are in part very similar to residential areas. This can generally be attributed to the large scope for interpretation under the very different forms of ATKIS mapping available nationwide.

The investigations therefore focused more on the generation of information and data to describe the structural composition of commercial buildings as well as the empirical GIS analysis of industrial and commercial areas with regard to the possibilities and limitations of typology creation.

In the context of a GIS analysis, a case study of Dresden showed that industrial and commercial areas do indeed show patterns with regard to their structuring. The defined patterns are visually identifiable and can be mapped. However, from a statistical perspective (boxplot evaluations), they cannot be classified as types. This underlines the problems and limitations in the identification and classification of commercial structures.

graphic about patterns commercial areas in Dresden

A data pool based on building types and economic sectors was created in order to compile information and data describing the structural composition of industrial buildings. This pool contains data describing the structural composition of industrial and commercial buildings as well as data related to their use. On the basis of the analysis and evaluation of official statistics as well as descriptions of the performance of buildings, characteristic values were determined and in part published for the indicators: area, materials, energy, etc. (Gruhler, Böhm 2011: Resource-based parameters of non-residential buildings. Analysis and processing of data from the official statistic "Building and Housing"). In addition, the gathered information and data were also incorporated into third-party funded projects (Schiller et al. 2010: Determination of resource conservation potential in the recycling of construction waste and development of recommendations for its use.; Dirlich et al. 2011: Typology and stock of heated non-residential buildings in Germany).


04/2009 - 12/2012


Dipl.-Ing. (Arch.)
Karin Gruhler

(Project manager)
Phone +49 351 4679 250


Basic funding