Research Area
Landscape Change and Management


An acronym for: Land use management systems, ecosystem services and biodiversity – the development of regulatory measures using the example of biomass for energy purposes

Photo: IOER, Bastian

The project LÖBESTEIN intends to contribute to the well-being of mankind by preserving and enhancing our natural resources. The goal is to bind these ecological goods and services more closely into social decision-making processes. We focus on the increased planting of biomass for energy production. Together with stakeholders from the case study regions we aim to find adequate steering instruments so that efforts to protect the climate are optimally linked with those which maintain our biological diversity and ecosystems.

The project is jointly run by the IOER, the Leibniz Centre for Agricultural Landscape Research, the Saxon Governmental Office for the Environment, Agriculture and Geology (LfULG), the Lusatian Producer and Consumer Association for Renewable Raw Materials (LEVG) (as practice partner) and the International Meeting Centre in St. Marienthal. The district of Görlitz has been chosen as an example region because it includes all types of natural landscape typically found in Central Europe, with the exception of coastal areas and mountain ranges. In addition, today it is possible to observe in this region some early indications of climate change, e.g. extended summer droughts, sinking of the water table and extreme weather conditions. The district of Uckermark in Brandenburg has been chosen to provide a region for comparison and verification.

The concept of ecosystem services employed in the project describes and evaluates services supplied by nature and exploited by humans. Besides services linked to the marketplace such as foodstuffs or plants for fuels (maize or woodchips), these include, for example, flood protection, the preservation of diversity of species and ecosystems, as well as attractive landscapes for recreation and leisure pursuits. These goods and services with no, little or indirect market value are also indispensable for mankind's well-being.

The concept of ecosystem services is therefore an importance link between scientific discussion and action by society towards in securing and developing sustainable land management (such as in the UN's Millennium Ecosystem Assessment). Project LÖBESTEIN is carrying out a practical test of this concept in order to determine whether it can be employed to help regulate the planting of renewable raw materials. Furthermore, threshold values and minimum requirements which permit the growing of biomass for fuel are determined in order to secure all relevant ecosystem services over the long-term.

Researchers and diverse practitioners examine steering, planning and support instruments for ecosystem services in regard to their effectiveness in fostering the planting of plants for fuel. Together they develop recommendations to optimize or re-design likely steering instruments. The goal is to improve nature's capacity to offer ecosystem services, in particular the fundamental factor of biological diversity. The range of instruments should be realistic from an economic, legal and planning perspective, and be readily accepted by practitioners.

Further details regarding project LÖBESTEIN, such as upcoming events and in-depth information, can be found on the website of the St. Marienthal Foundation.

Download Action Guidelines (German) PDF (8,4 MB)
Download Final Report (German) PDF (7,5 MB)

Run Time



Dr. Ralf-Uwe Syrbe


Action Guidelines PDF (8,4 MB)
Final Report PDF (7,5 MB)

Third-Party Funding

Sponsored by the German Ministery for Education and Research within the funding priority "Sustainalbe Land Use Management" (FKZ 033L028A-E)

Partner und Links

Logo und Link
Logo und Link
Logo und Link
Logo und Link
Logo und Link
Logo und Link