Research Area:
Landscape Change and Management

Integrating ecological concerns into Russia’s territorial planning - EkoRus

Moscow (Photo: Peter Wirth)

In recent years, a number of political initiatives aimed to realign the spatial planning (territorial planning) system in Russia, e.g.  establishing environmental risk and impact assessments for plans and infrastructure projects. On the German side, these efforts were supported under the agreement on cooperation in the field of environmental conservation. In several regions of the Russian federation pilot projects were conducted with German assistance.

As a result of the method transfers that have already taken place, Russian planning institutions are developing their own ecological expert contributions for other parts of Russia. However, there is still an absence of legal and administrative integration of these environmental planning approaches into Russia's territorial planning, as well as the transmission of systematic know-how to territorial, landscape and urban planners.

To resolve this deficit scientifically based proposals will be developed that aim to embed ecologically oriented approaches into Russian territorial planning. In the process legal, methodical, and technical aspects of planning and conceptual ideas for implementation will be considered. By means of a comparative law analysis the ecological concerns in German and Russian overall planning will be explained and proposals for modifications in the Russian system will be derived. Furthermore, it is being investigated how protected commodities and their usage are rooted in the planning systems.

The methodical planning examination refers to the planning levels, planning tools, the process of spatial planning as well as issues regarding participation and involvement. The foundations for strategic environmental audits and for the evaluation of major infrastructure projects are being developed in another project module.

The results are presented in a series of manuals and are placed at the disposal of the Russian Ministry for regional development.

This project is funded by the German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety with means of the Advisory Assistance Programme for Environmental Protection in the Countries of Central and Eastern Europe, the Caucasus and Central Asia. It is supervised by the Federal Agency for Nature Conservation (BfN) and the German Federal Environment Agency (UBA). The content of this publication lies within the responsibility of the authors




Bundesministerium für Umwelt, Naturschutz und Reaktorsicherheit,
Bundesamt für Naturschutz


NIIP Gradostroitelstva, St. Petersburg; 

Prof. Semenev, Irkutsk


Short report